What’s Hyperthyroidism

Michael Rosenberg
Michael Rosenberg

Specializes in translating complex information into readable, engaging content. Michael@top10us.com

What is Hyperthyroidism?

An overactive thyroid, otherwise called hyperthyroidism or thyrotoxicosis, is a condition in which the thyroid organ delivers a lot of the thyroid chemicals, significantly more than the body’s needs. The thyroid is a little butterfly-shaped organ in the neck and produces chemicals that regulate heartbeat and internal heat levels. 

Moreover, the thyroid is responsible for giving energy to essentially every organ in your body. It controls various functions in the body, for example, how fast your heart beats and how your stomach-related framework functions. Without the perfect measure of thyroid chemicals, your body’s basic functionalities are affected badly. 

How do you feel when you have hyperthyroidism?

Sometimes when you have hyperthyroidism, you may have no symptoms whatsoever. But in most cases, you would experience the following things: 

  • You may feel anxious, irritable, powerless, or tired. 
  • Your hands may shake, your heart may pulsate quickly, or you may have issues relaxing. 
  • You might be hot and sweat-soaked or have warm, red, irritated skin. 
  • You may have more solid discharges than expected. 
  • You may have fine, delicate hair with hair loss. 
  • You may get thin even though you eat something similar or more than expected. 

If you have any of these symptoms, call your doctor or dietitian. Without treatment, hyperthyroidism can prompt heart issues, bone issues, and a perilous condition called thyroid tempest.

Causes of Hyperthyroidism:

Although we have different causes of hyperthyroidism but the most important and common is Graves’s disease. Graves’s disease makes antibodies animate the thyroid to discharge a lot of chemicals. Graves’ illness happens more regularly in females rather than in males. If it is your family disease then you should perform regular tests and take proper medication.

Some other causes are excess iodine, tumors in ovaries and testes. Moreover, hyperthyroidism can also be caused when you take a large amount of tetraiodothyronine dietary supplements or medicines. 

Is hyperthyroidism a serious disease?

Hyperthyroidism is a disease mostly found in females that disturbs their menstrual cycle. During pregnancy, untreated hyperthyroidism can prompt medical conditions for the mother and infant. 

Moreover, if we talk about this disease in men, then hyperthyroidism can cause major issues with the heart, bones, muscles, and overall physical strength.

How does hyperthyroidism affect the body?

If you are a patient of hyperthyroidism, it may cause you to lose your body weight or have an irregular heartbeat, mostly your heartbeat will be fast. Moreover, you may feel more appetite and anxiety. 

How to diagnose hyperthyroidism?

Basically, there are three methods to diagnose hyperthyroidism:

  1. Blood Tests 

The patient should test his/her blood for the level of thyroid chemicals in the body. T3 and T4 should be tested to analyze hyperthyroidism.

  1. Iodine Uptake Scan 

This is another method to diagnose your hyperthyroidism in which it estimates how much iodine is absorbed by the thyroid organ. The amount of iodine that is absorbed by the thyroid organ is then assessed to evaluate if you have the disease or not. 

  1. Thyroid Scan 

This test is routinely performed to test the disease. Just like the iodine take-up test, it also requires that a patient takes radioactive iodine, which then gets absorbed in the thyroid organ. The absorbed iodine is measured to assess the severity of the disease.

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  • Radioactive iodine

Radioactive iodine is the most important and most effective treatment for hyperthyroidism. This procedure is done by professionals after assessing the severity of your disease.

  • Diet

Diet is the best way to cure any disease. Taking non-iodized salt, tea, coffee, egg whites, fresh or canned organic products, unsalted nuts, and nut margarine, homemade bread or bread made without salt, eggs, and dairy can have a significant effect on the severity of the disease. Moreover, if you eat popcorns with non-iodized salt and oats then you may recover from your hyperthyroidism disease quickly.

  • Antithyroid medications

Methimazole (Tapazole) and propylthiouracil (PTU) block your thyroid from making an excessive number of chemicals. Results incorporate hypersensitive responses like rash or tingling. It’s uncommon, yet these medications can likewise make your body make fewer white platelets. This makes you bound to get contaminations. Infrequently, these drugs can harm your liver, so take your medication only when you have symptoms like yellow skin or eyes, weariness, or pain in your stomach. 

  • Beta-blockers 

These meds don’t treat your disease or have a direct impact on thyroid hormone production, however, can assist with symptoms like uneasiness, shaking, or a quick heartbeat.

Food to eat:

Here are some foods that you should eat during hyperthyroidism. 

  • Low Iodine Foods
  • Cruciferous Vegetables
  • Foods containing Selenium
  • Foods containing iron, calcium, and vitamin D

These foods will help your digestive system to work efficiently which may help in your recovery from hyperthyroidism.

Food to Avoid:

Similarly, there are some foods you should avoid while dealing with hyperthyroidism, which are as follow:

  • Iodine-rich foods
  • Soy
  • Gluten
  • Caffeine


Hyperthyroidism is a condition wherein the thyroid organ is overactive and produces abundant thyroid chemicals. Individuals ought to follow their treatment plan and any dietary proposals from their physicians. 

Changing the eating routine may improve symptoms of hyperthyroidism and help you to lose weight. Certain supplements may help support healthy thyroid functions or minimize hyperthyroidism indications. Furthermore, a specialist or dietitian will give you more personalized insights into your eating routine to help you overcome this disease. 

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Hypothyroidism, Hyperthyroidism and Thyroid Tests


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