How to Diagnose Dry Eye Syndrome?

Michael Rosenberg
Michael Rosenberg

Specializes in translating complex information into readable, engaging content.

Dry eye conditions can be very discomforting and may cause problems for routine life actions. However, it is common to misjudge some other symptoms with dry eye syndrome. For example, dry eye irritation, dry eye blurring, and dry eye redness are the symptoms caused by many other eye problems. Therefore, proper diagnosis is required to ensure that DES exists, and thus proper treatment can be provided to the patient. Here, the article will discuss the diagnosis methods of dry eyes, including:

  • What is Dry Eye Syndrome?
  • What are the Diagnosis Methods of Dry Eye Syndrome?
  • Medication for Dry Eye Syndrome
  • Self-diagnosis of Dry Eye Syndrome
  • Other Procedures for Dry Eye Syndrome

Fill the form below if you are interested in learning more about Dry Eyes prescription treatment options

What is Dry Eye Syndrome?

Lack of tear production or quick tear evaporation from your eyes can result in minimal moisture content. This moisture reduction leads to dry eyes, where the cornea is no longer properly protected by mucus-like oily tears. It could be related to the reduced tear productions from the eye glands. On the other hand, tear evaporation may increase due to several dietary, health, lifestyle, and environmental factors. Ensuring the dye eye syndrome can be diagnosed well is important to treat the condition properly.

What are the Diagnosis Methods of Dry Eye Syndrome?

There are multiple ways in which doctors can determine if a patient is suffering from dry eye syndrome. First, the patient may need to take a comprehensive eye exam. This exam includes a complete history of your eye health and focuses on the diagnosis by the doctor regarding the cause of the dry eyes. Similarly, they may test the volume of tears in your eyes. It is called the Schirmer test, where a blotting strip of paper is placed under the eyelids. Then, in 5 minutes, the doctor checks the total amount of tears soaked on the strip. The same test can be performed in a different way called the phenol red thread test. Here, the thread is filled with pH-sensitive dye. The tears cause the color of the diet to change. After 15 seconds, the die color is checked to see how many tears were soaked on it.

Another test may be required to check for tear quality. In some cases, dry eye syndrome can be caused by improper tear composition. For example, excessive mucus or water in your eyes can be a major reason for tear quality deterioration. The test is performed using special eye drops that help to determine your eye’s condition. The staining pattern of the corneas is used to measure the time before the tears evaporate.

A patient may also be required to take the tear osmolarity test. Here, the composition of tear particles is examined in detail, including the water content and composition of the tears. Dry eyes can reduce the amount of water in your tear content and increase mucus.

Tear samples may also be taken to look for any other infections or diseases. For example, decreased lactoferrin or increased matrix metalloproteinase-9 can be serious indicators of dry eye syndrome and other eye-related issues.

Medication for Dry Eye Syndrome

After a formal diagnosis, the doctor will determine how the problem can be treated. In some cases, the underlying health concern has to be removed to improve the dry eye condition. For this purpose, you may be given oral drugs that can help reduce inflammation of your eyes. Excessive inflammation can cause the glands to malfunction, resulting in lower tear production. Reducing inflammation and soothe the symptoms of dry eye syndrome.

Secondly, you may have to control cornea inflammation as well. The inflammation can be controlled using cyclosporine and other immune-suppressant medications.

The doctor may prescribe the use of artificial tears to keep your eyes moist or give you tear-stimulating drugs. Such drugs, like pilocarpine, can result in increased tear production.

Finally, you may have to get customized eye drops. These eye drops are made directly from your blood. This technique is known as autologous blood serum drops. However, these are usually used as a last resort option if no other treatment is working well. The red blood cells are removed from the flood, and then the solution is missed with a specific salt solution to make such tears.

Self-diagnosis of Dry Eye Syndrome

One thing everyone can ensure is to look out for any symptoms of dry eye syndrome. First, if you feel uncommon itchiness or blurriness in your vision, you prefer getting checked for dry eye syndrome.

Other indicators may include burning, stinging of the eyes, and tear to the cornea. Most of these issues can be seen directly if you look in the mirror. Taking such symptoms into consideration n can help in early diagnosis and better management of dry eye syndrome.

Other Procedures for Dry Eye Syndrome

Apart from the regular treatment options, certain other procedures are used to treat the condition as well. For example, in older people, an effective option will be to close the tear duct. This closure helps to reduce the tear draining and tear loss. Similarly, tiny silicone plugs are used to close the drains of the eyes. The thermal cautery procedure that uses health for the same plugins offers a more permanent solution than most other options.

Another option that your doctor may suggest is to get custom-made contact lenses that are soft and allow for proper ventilation. Harder contact lenses can cause serious scratching of the cornea if your eyes are very dry. , these special contact lenses can help people who have to wear contacts for vision-related issues. Finally, the oil glands must be cleaned with warm compresses and eye masks to remove any clogging and allow continuous tear production.

Using light therapy and eyelid massage is another option. Here, intense-pulsed light therapy is used along with eyelid massage to reduce the dryness in your eyes.

Fill the form below if you are interested in learning more about Dry Eyes prescription treatment options


Dry eye syndrome has many symptoms and can be self-diagnosed in the early stages. Then, a proper medical diagnosis can help in determining the correct treatment route for the patient.

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